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Orinoco River

Tours, geography, description, things to see and do, maps, pictures, fishing, environmental issues and related resources about the Orinoco River from its source near the Brazilian border in the south of Veenzuela to its delta on the northeast coast of the country.

Orinoco River

The Orinoco river system is one of the largest in South America, originating along the southern borders of Venezuela and Brazil, in the state of Amazonas. The exact length of the river is still undetermined, with estimates between 1,500 to 1,700 mi (2,410–2,735 km) long, making it among the world's largest river systems.

All That Glitters is Not Gold

"Balancing Conservation and Development in Venezuela's Frontier Forests" includes opening the Guayana region (a forest area south of the Orinoco river that covers half of the country) to large-scale extractive activities.

Amazon Adventures

Various tours include the eastern coast of Venezuela and the Orinoco delta and Guacharo cave, discovered by Alexander von Humboldt.

Expediciones por el Orinoco

Christopher Columbus sighted it, Vicente Yañéz Pinzón en 1500 explored it, as did Alonso de Herrera, Jerónimo Hortal, Antonio Berrío and Walter Releigh.


History and geography includes a brief description of the Orinoco river system.

La Página de Caicara del Orinoco

Click on the picture for history, culture, traditions, sightseeing and more in Bolivar state.

Manaka Jungle Lodge

Fishing, navigable rivers, diverse and unforgettable landscapes, birdwatching and comfort in the midst of this natural refuge.

Orinoco Oil Watch Report

Report of the June 1998 meeting from the Sociedad de Amigos en Defensa de la Gran Sabana.

Orinoco Online

Choose your language and read about the efforts to preserve the indigenous societies of the Venezuelan Amazon.

Orinoco River Hydrology

"The Orinoco River has the third largest flow of the world’s rivers averaging a discharge of 5.4 x 1011 m3 per year to the Atlantic Ocean. Combined, the Orinoco and Amazon Rivers account for 25 percent of the freshwater discharge to the world’s oceans."

Orinoco River Map

Map from Footprint Adventures shows a portion of the river, the delta and the Canaima Highlands.

Orinoco Tours

Orinoco River tours, Angel Falls, beaches, birding and trekking are only some of the offerings from this tour agency.


Sir Walter Raleigh searched for the mythical El Dorado and missed Venezuela's greatest riches.


Data, maps, water flow, size, length and related facts about the river.

River Basins Report: Orinoco River

Study and report of the effect and impact of oil drilling on the river and environment.

Saliva Indians

History of Jesuit missions along the Orinoco.

The Amerindians of Venezuela

Text and links of interest from the Caribbean Amerindian Centrelink.

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionacea & Mutelacea) of Venezuela

Collection sites once bypassed the Orinoco, but not anymore.

Think Venezuela

Portal to tourism in Venezuela includes tours of the Orinoco River.

Venezuela History and Culture

On his third voyage to the New World, Christopher Columbus explored the Rio Orinoco Delta and concluded that he had found much more than another Caribbean island.

Venezuela Urged to Protect its Last Frontier

Special feature by Julio Cesar Centeno, PhD in response to the Venezuelan government to open the areas around the Orinoco to logging and mining.

Venezuela's Forests in Brief

The Orinoco River and its tributaries contain over 1,000 fish species, many of which supply food for local populations.
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